The Supine

The supine is a verbal form used in auxiliary constructions, with the auxiliaries hafa, geta and : Ég hef farið; ég hef ekki komist; þú getur farið; hann fær ekki skilið ...

There are two tags for the supine:

komið;GM-SAGNB supine, active voice
komist;MM-SAGNB supine, mediopassive

In the active voice, the supine is the same word form as the past participle in the neuter, nominative singular. The tradition in the Icelandic grammatical literature is not to distinguish between the two. The difference between the supine and the past participle is that the latter inflects for gender, number and case, but the former does not. The supine form is always identical to the neuter, nominative singular form of the past participle.

The supine: Maðurinn<> hefur farið<supine>. ‘The man has gone.’
  Konan<> hefur farið<supine>. ‘The woman has gone.’
  Barnið<> hefur farið<supine>. ‘The child has gone.’
  Hún sagði mennina<> hafa farið<supine> í gær. ‘She said the men had left yesterday.’
The past participle: Maðurinn<> er farinn<>. ‘The man is gone.’
  Konan<> er farin<>. ‘The woman is gone.’
  Barnið<> er farið<>. ‘The child is gone.’
  Hún sagði mennina<> vera farna<> fyrir löngu. ‘She said the men were gone a long time ago.’


KB 1.10.2013