Cliticized verbal question forms

Verbal question forms are not a part of the paradigm in the DMII. These forms are cliticized verbal forms, i.e. 2nd person, singular and plural, present and past tense, indicative and subjunctive. To varying degrees, these appear both in the active voice and in the mediopassive. These word forms are quite common in informal writing, but there is as yet very little research on them. The available data contains both the singular and the plural in the active voice, but only the singular for the mediopassive.The data is only suitable for analysis, not for production, as it is generated by rules and it has not been checked by comparison with corpora. 

Active voice singular indicative present: kemurðu ertu sérðu alhæfirðu
      past: komstu varstu sástu alhæfðirðu
    subjunctive present: komirðu sértu sjáirðu alhæfðirðu
      past: kæmirðu værirðu sæirðu alhæfðirðu
  plural indicative present: komiði eruði sjáiði alhæfiði
      past: komuði voruði sáuði alhæfðuði
    subjunctive present: komiði séuði sjáiði alhæfiði
      past: kæmuði væruði sæjuði alhæfðuði
Mediopassive singular indicative present: kemstu   séstu  
      past: komstu   sástu  
    subjunctive present: komistu   sjáistu  
      past: kæmistu   sæistu  
        'come' 'be' 'see' 'generalize'

The tags for the verbal question forms are the same as for the corresponding finite verbs, with the addition of  information on the clitics, i.e., -fn-nf (pronoun, nominative). Variants are numbered, as in other tags in the DMII.

kemurðu; gm-fh-nt-et-p2-fn-nf active voice, indicative, present, singular, 2nd pers., pron., nom.
kæmirðu; gm-vh-tht-et-p2-fn-nf active voice, subjuntive, past, singular, 2nd pers., pron., nom.
kemstu; mm-fh-nt-et-p2-fn-nf mediopassive, indicative, present, singular, 2nd pers., pron., nom.
kæmistu; mm-fh-tht-et-p2-fn-nf mediopassive, indicative, present, singular, 2nd pers., pron., nom.

 

KB 1.10.2013