The headword

The headwords in the DMII are the traditional entry forms in Icelandic dictionaries:

Nouns: nominative singular, indefinite, e.g. hestur ‘horse’
Adjectives: nominative singular, masculine, positive degree, indefinite, e.g. góður ‘good’
Verbs: infinitive, active voice, e.g. koma ‘come’
Adverbs: positive degree, e.g. vel ‘well’
Pronouns: nominative singular, masculine (in pronouns that have gender).
Numerals: nominative, masculine: einn, tveir, þrír, fjórir ‘one, two, three, four’

Example from Sigrún's format for the noun köttur ‘cat’:

Artificial headwords are not used.
In pluralia tantum, the headword is nominative, plural, indefinite, e.g. buxur ‘trousers’.
In mediopassive verbs, the headword is the mediopassive infinitive, e.g. óttast ‘fear’.
Adjectives that do not have positive degree are shown in the comparative or superlative, e.g. vestari ‘more westerly’.
Headwords in the masculine are not used for adjectives that can only be neuter, such as terms used for the earmarks of sheep, which are always neuter, e.g. afeyrt ‘ears off’.


KB 1.10.2013